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Mass events

Public order securing in mass event locations
 
Mass events can be divided into open and closed, from a security standpoint. A closed event is a gathering of a small number of pre-defined people in a separate building, the territory of which outsiders are principally not allowed to enter.
A mmaximum open event is an outdoor concert, meeting or fair, which can be joined by any passer-by. Closed events are traditionally considered more secure. Indeed, due to a limited number of guests, they are easier to protect from external threats. Such activities are usually carried out in the room, so ensuring of the participants’ security begins with the selection of a suitable facility. The latter must conform not only to the sanitary, technical, and fire safety standards, but also to the specific requirements for such activity: capacity, technical equipment, availability of special effects and more.
In addition to external threats to security of the event, there are also internal threats, which are less obvious. A gathering of people is always fraught with potential danger: an increased likelihood of conflict situations, as any, even small, event can lead to panic and casualties. In case of emergence of the survival instinct, the audience turns into the crowd and runs out of control, thus causing even greater harm than the very source of panic.
Human resources – that is, professional security guards and bodyguards – are considered to be the best and most reliable security instrument to date, as they are able to monitor the situation, coordinate actions, and take action independently. But they are not meant to eliminate the use of technical equipment.
Closed-circuit surveillance, metal detectors, fire-protection systems provide a larger scope of activities to be implemented by the security personnel by submitting the information that is hidden from the guards’ eyes.
 
During public order securing in the mass-event locations, the security personnel perform the following functions:
•      acquaintance with the protected object, its preliminary and main cleaning before the event;
•      contact establishing with the law-enforcement agencies (militia) and agreement on cooperation and support, where appropriate, as well as on transfer of offenders to militia officers;
•      prevention of access of weapons, explosives, flammable and toxic substances, drugs to the protected object;
•      ensuring protection of the organizers and celebrities;
•      maintaining of the public order in the adjacent areas;
• provision of first aid to victims, if necessary;
•      cleaning of the territory of the event after its completion.
 
The list of security measures includes:
1)    Analysis of the event schedule and the plan of the facility (territory) in terms of security. Potential threats, the quantity, location, and function of security personnel during the event are estimated at this stage.
2)    Preliminary cleaning of the premises. Particular attention is paid topotentially dangerous structures, fire safety, availability of reserve exits. The following are thoroughly inspected: parked cars, service personnel, food and beverage for the event, equipment. Foreign objects, people, vehicles are prevented from entering the area.
3)    Control of visitors at the entrance. Verification of passes, tickets, and identity documents. Visitors can be checked with metal detectors at the entrance.
4)    Restraint of violations of public order on the venue and in the surrounding area.
5)    Theft prevention. Security cameras and security guards help reduce this risk to a minimum. The cars parked in the parking lot may be subject to such hazards.
6)    Restraint of provocations and attempts to disrupt the event. If the organizers have a suspicion that certain persons might be interested in the failure of the event, such fears must be voiced to the security personnel, and the manner of response must be specified in advance.
7)    Accompaniment and security of the invited VIP guests. By agreeing to participate in public events, celebritiesexpose themselves to certain risks. The security measures implemented by the organizers must compensate for such risks.
8)    Coordination of the visitor flow. Professionals are well aware that this stage poses a high risk of stampedes when the guests and spectators leave the hall.
9)    Final cleaning is carried out after the end of the event. Its purpose isnot so much locating penetrators and explosives as confirmation that all participants have left the premise. Particular attention is paid to objects that guests have left behind. Once the security personnel have confirmed that these items do not pose danger, such objects are transferred to the client or the administration of the protected object.